Sustainable Business Hub

MAX IV – synchrotron laboratory recycles excess heat via district heating system

The MAX IV Laboratory is a high-performance synchrotron laboratory which has been built with high ambitions to be energy efficient and mostly use energy from renewable resources. It recycles the excess heat via the district heating system in Lund and in return receives cooling water for the accelerator equipment. The facility was the first building to receive the classification BREEAM-SE.

Around MAX IV, a new city district is emerging in northern Lund. When fully built, a total of 50,000 people are expected to live and work in the area, which will also include the ESS research facility and Science Village. It will have a significant impact on the city, which today have ~125,000 citizens.

The cooling system
The cooling system of MAX IV consists of three different systems at different temperatures. The system with the lowest temperature is primarily used for cooling buildings and server rooms. The second coolest system is used for cooling parts of the scientific equipment and keeping a stable temperature in the accelerator building. Finally, the system with the highest temperature is used for supplying heat to the plant.

Reusing heat in the district heating network
All of the heat that is being removed by the cooling systems is reused in the district heating network of Lund. Since the autumn of 2019 some of the heat is reused in the world’s largest Low Temperature District Heating network (see Cool district heating: Science heats the city, for more information).

High environmental standard
MAX IV has been classified as a Green Building, Miljöbyggnad Guld and BREEAM Outstanding. It was the first building to receive the classification BREEAM-SE. To achieve this, the facility has LED lights in all buildings, controlled ventilation, green roofs, solutions for storing and delaying storm water and arrangements for improving the wildlife environment.

The construction process itself included goals for sustainability, such as low energy consumption, minimum waste, waste management etc.

Biological diversity and all excavated masses kept on site
In order to make sure that the area can be reversed into agricultural use once the synchrotron is decommissioned, a cut and fill strategy was developed. All excavated masses are kept on site and have been used for making the area varied with hills and slopes. That takes away some of the vibrations in the ground that otherwise could influence the experiments.

To strengthen the biological diversity on site, a mix of seeds from the nearby nature reserve area has been sown on the slopes. Rainwater ponds including wetland vegetation has also been built. These nature-based solutions are designed for storing and delaying storm water, both for 1-year and 100-years storms.

The national laboratory’s main funder is the Swedish Research Council and it is hosted by Lund University. The property owner is Fastighets AB ML4 and the company is jointly owned by Wihlborgs and Peab.

More information about the developement of MAX IV here https://www.wihlborgs.se/en/projects/fardigstallda-projekt/lund/max-iv-lund/


Similar Best Practices

Power flexibility market – CoordiNet

Power flexibility market – CoordiNet

The CoordiNet project seeks to explore the value of flexibility through the creation of a power flexibility market. At times when many want to use electricity, participants in the market can offer to reduce their electricity use or increase the electricity production and sell this flexibility service to the distribution grid operator Vattenfall.

Battery Storage Park

Battery Storage Park

Uppsala municipality, located in the north of the capital Stockholm, is growing rapidly, which means an increased need for electricity. In order to meet the increased need and enable Uppsala’s continued expansion, Vattenfall Network Solutions, in collaboration with Vattenfall Eldistribution AB, is piloting one of the largest battery storage in Sweden as one possible solution to mitigate increased capacity needs.

MAX IV – synchrotron laboratory recycles excess heat via district heating system

MAX IV – synchrotron laboratory recycles excess heat via district heating system

The MAX IV Laboratory is a high-performance synchrotron laboratory which has been built with high ambitions to be energy efficient and mostly use energy from renewable resources. It recycles the excess heat via the district heating system in Lund and in return receives cooling water for the accelerator equipment. The facility was the first building to receive the classification BREEAM-SE.

Pilot for sustainable energy system: the island of Gotland

Pilot for sustainable energy system: the island of Gotland

The island of Gotland has been chosen as a pilot region for Sweden’s transition to the future sustainable energy system. The main requirements for this transition are a safe and reliable energy supply that is both ecologically sustainable and economically competitive.

New technology makes the electricity grid smart

New technology makes the electricity grid smart

Smart sensors, redundant radio communication, AI-based decision support and advanced data analysis makes it possible to detect and position faults in the electricity grid immediately. In 2018, Exeri’s system was put into operation in the electricity grid around Malå, Sweden. Skellefteå Kraft installed the system for monitoring an approximately 40 kilometer long section and after the positive evaluation of the installation, the company now chooses to proceed with installation of monitoring and sensors on a large part of the electric grid.

Europe´s greenest battery factory in Skellefteå

Europe´s greenest battery factory in Skellefteå

A new lithium ion battery plant is established in Skellefteå and is one of the biggest industrial investments in Europe.

Stockholm’s Innovations in District Heating & Cooling

Stockholm’s Innovations in District Heating & Cooling

Central Stockholm is the location of one of Europe’s largest district heating and cooling systems. Close to 90% of Stockholm’s buildings are connected to the district heating network.

Carbon Capture and Storage for Bioenergy Plant

Carbon Capture and Storage for Bioenergy Plant

In the journey towards a carbon-negative energy production, Sweden’s first Bio-CCS pilot plant was commissioned in 2019. This project is a part of Stockholm’s target towards a positive carbon footprint by 2040.

Sweden’s largest biofuel heat and power plant

Sweden’s largest biofuel heat and power plant

In central Stockholm, at Värtahamnen, is Stockholm’s largest biofuel-powered combined heat and power plant. It produces energy enough to heat up approximately 190,000 average size apartments.

World’s First Recycling Mall – ReTuna

World’s First Recycling Mall – ReTuna

ReTuna Återbruksgalleria is the world’s first recycling mall, revolutionizing shopping in a climate-smart way. Old items are given new life through repair and upcycling. Everything sold is recycled or reused or has been organically or sustainably produced.

Electric busses adapted to cold climate

Electric busses adapted to cold climate

It is a big challenge with electric vehicles in northern Europe is to adapt them to the cold climate, both in regard to function and comfort for passengers and drivers. In Umeå in Northern Sweden there is a company that has managed to develop a technology that makes it possible to run the buses even during a very cold winter day as well as a hot sunny day with advanced air heating/cold system.

One of the world’s tallest wooden building

One of the world’s tallest wooden building

Sara Cultural Centre – one of the world’s tallest timber building is located in Skellefteå, just below the Artic Circel in the northern Sweden. The building will be housing venues for arts, performance and meetings as well as a hotel.

My Visit Plan Favorite star