North Sweden Cleantech

Fossil-free steel demonstration plant in Vitåfors (Gällivare) – direct reduction of iron ore pellets with hydrogen

HYBRIT’s demonstration plant in Vitåfors will demonstrate the value chain for fossil-free steel on an industrial scale. It includes production of hydrogen and of sponge iron by direct reduction with hydrogen. The plant is planned to be ready in 2026.

Fossil-free value chain

HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) was started by SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall to develop a fossil-free value chain for iron and steel production using fossil-free electricity and hydrogen. The HYBRIT technology involves replacing the blast furnace process, which uses carbon and coke to remove the oxygen from iron ore, with a direct reduction process where we use fossil-free hydrogen produced from water using electricity from fossil-free energy sources. Instead of carbon dioxide, water vapor is formed.

Demonstration of production on an industrial scale

HYBRIT’s demonstration hydrogen direct reduction plant in Gällivare municipality will when finished demonstrate production of fossil-free steel on an industrial scale. The demonstration plant includes hydrogen production, and manufacturing of sponge iron by direct reduction with hydrogen. The plant involves development in several fields of technology. The unique and innovative aspect of the plant is to industrialize known technology and to develop certain strategic technical aspects and to put it all to together – to enable and scale up the fossil free process to an industrial and commercial scale.

Current progress

The project is currently studying the conditions at location and different alternatives to design the outline of the process and set out the plant components for the best efficiency and safety as well as the minimum environmental impact. The same applies to the plant’s external energy supply and inputs, and the deliveries of products and by-products.

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