Fossil-based transportation creates noise and air pollution and is a major contributor to a city’s CO2 emissions. By enabling all forms of transport to run on electricity, electromobility has the potential to make cities greener, cleaner, and more livable.
Gothenburg is home to several leading projects within electromobility, and the city has already made significant progress in electrifying its public transport, last-mile deliveries and waste transports. The goal is for the entire transport system to be electrified and fossil-free by 2030.
In 2019–2020, Västtrafik, the region’s public transport company, rolled out 210 electric buses in several locations in the region of Västra Götaland, Gothenburg being one of them. By 2030, all of Gothenburg’s bus services are expected to be electrified.
Demo arena for electrified public transport
The Electricity project develops, tests, and demonstrates solutions for tomorrow’s electrified transport including buses, ferries, and heavy vehicles. Starting in 2015, electric buses have been operating on a bus route in the centre of Gothenburg in conjunction with multiple research projects. The tests have paved the way for a wider introduction of electric buses by the public transport provider Västtrafik. Western Sweden now has the highest number of electric buses in the Nordics.
Test bed for automation and electric vehicles
In a large area at the old airport in Säve, a cluster is currently being created for innovation and development of sustainable transport and mobility for the future. It will be a testbed for autonomous and electrified vehicles. As one of the initiatives here, one company is developing an electric passenger aircraft. Over the next few years, the area will be developed into a flexible logistics hub with an infrastructure based on transshipment and autonomous, electrified transport.
Electric ferry part of public transport system
Elvy is Gothenburg’s first electric hybrid ferry with a capacity of carrying up to 300 travellers and 90 bicycles on its route across the river Göta älv. The ferry is part of the regular public transport system that operates the river and is also free of charge.
Elvy’s battery-powered driveline reduces emissions of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particles by a third. With the new technology, fuel savings will be up to 45 % compared to similar ferries with combustion engines.