Increased urbanisation demands sustainable, accessible and efficient public transport. Sweden focuses on increasing the share of people who travel by public transport, as well as implementing electrification and sustainable fuels to reduce carbon emissions and create a better life for the inhabitants.
In Sweden, there are several ongoing pilot projects or large-scale implementations of sustainable fuels. This is a part of the national targets to achieve net-zero emissions of greenhouse gasses by 2045, and thereafter negative emissions.
K2 – Sweden’s national centre for research and education of public transport – works as a forum for sustainable public transport developments. Several ongoing research projects focus on areas such as artificial intelligence, environmental considerations in public procurement, Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and public transport from an equality perspective. In Gothenburg, the public-private project ElectriCity aims to test new solutions for sustainable public transport.
Public transport is vital for a city’s economic growth, urban functions and the prosperity of individuals, the public sector and the industries. Testing and application of new technology in Sweden can be used to inspire other cities, where experiences from the processes and implementation of projects can be exported. There is a global need to reduce greenhouse emissions, and since transport plays a large role here, sustainable and efficient public transport systems must be implemented successfully.