Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Swedish forestry legislation and the environmental objectives system have provisions and goals that cover almost all aspects of this goal. The proportion of woodland of Sweden’s total land area is 69 per cent and has been stable at this level since at least 1990. The standing volume in the Swedish forests has doubled since the 1920s as a result of appropriate reforestation, forest management and regeneration felling. As regards maintaining biodiversity in important land and freshwater areas, the IUCN states that 32 per cent of these fall under protected areas in Sweden. The same organisation calculates that 12.5 per cent of important biodiversity areas in the Swedish mountains fall under protected areas.

The Red List Index for Sweden is 0.93. It can be expected to stay at this level for quite some time since the metadata description can be perceived to be blunt. Sweden’s view is that it would be of value to have an index broken down by different species groups to make it easier to discern certain changes over time. As regards preventing and managing the risk and spread of invasive alien species, there is an EU Regulation on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species which Swedish authorities are working to implement.

Maintaining sustainable forest management in accordance with Swedish environmental objectives and other priorities will require further work to ensure biodiversity, counteract climate change and stimulate increased growth and employment. Sweden’s challenges mainly lie in the broad, multi-stakeholder collaboration to live up to its own goals, such as the generational goal, and goals for the environment, employment and climate. These challenges are partly managed in the work with a national forestry programme and the Government’s strategic collaborative programme on a circular and bio-based economy.

Sweden is party to the Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources and to the Nagoya protocol, which both aim to promote access to, and the reasonable and equitable sharing of, the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. The EU’s ABS Regulation is the implementation of the Nagoya Protocol in the EU, which relates to access to and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits when genetic resources are used in research and product development. The EU recently adopted an  action plan against the illegal trade in protected animals and plants.

Globally, Sweden contributes by supporting low and middle-income countries’ accession to and implementation of commitments under international environmental and climate conventions. In 2015, Swedish development cooperation allocated just over SEK 2 billion to biodiversity interventions in developing countries, calculated using the OECD policy marker for biodiversity reported as a principal or significant objective.

Related Companies

AB Evergreen Solutions

Evergreen Solutions focus is on standardised plants which are available in sizes for up to 400 people.

Absolent AB

Absolent AB is a supplier of air cleaning equipment for collection of oil mist and oil smoke particles in industrial operations.

ACO Nordic AB

ACO Nordic offers complete plants for treating wastewater and runoff systems for rainwater recycling and a number of other water and wastewater products.

Afriso Ema AB

Afriso’s product range consists mainly of products and services that contribute to a better environment and safer workplace.

Related Reference Objects

Algae pilot

This Algae pilot is the first of its kind in Sweden. The algae convert unwanted substances to utilities. The goal is that algae cultivation will reduce our emissions of carbon dioxide and purify waste water to minimize over-fertilization of our waters and at the same time produce an energy-rich algae mass that is raw material for biodiesel (algae with high fatty acid content), animal feed (protein-rich algae) etc.

Artificial wetlands in Trosa

Since 2003 the waste water from the town of Trosa (about 4500 citizens) has been treated in artificial wetlands, after the basic treatment in the sewage plant. Thanks to the wetlands the Trosa river and the town bay have been spared from eutrophicating substances (plant nutrients) as well as contagious substances (pathogenes). Besides the value of purifying the water, the wetlands are a popular recreation area. The wetlands are used for education and many study visits are made here. Vagnhärad, the neighbouring town with about 4500 citizens, has a similar area of artificial wetlands since 2001.

Biological Wastewater Treatment in Helsingborg – Öresundsverket

Öresundsverket in Helsingborg treats the wastewater from the 140,000 inhabitants through a biological process.

Boat-washer in Trosa Marina

In Trosa Marina there is a boat-washer, which scrubs off the fouling on boat hulls. Thanks to the boat-washer, the boat-owners do not have to use environmentally-hazardous anti fouling paints anymore.

Related Visit Programs

Circular economy

Circular economy is all about a framework for an economy that is restorative and regenerative by design. Unlike in todays linear economy, in a circular economy we see everything as a resource for something else – waste doesn’t exist. How do business models need to change to suit a circular economy? What does this new way of thinking mean for the business community? How can profitable business models be combined with social and environmental responsibility? How can we design products right from the beginning, and do things even better, instead of just less bad?


Perhaps the world’s greatest challenge is to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, mainly fossil carbon dioxide. Several exciting and new innovative ways to replace fossil energy are under development in the area, such as the Algae pilot and Bioendev.

Sustainable waste management

The program focuses on sustainable waste management, presenting a complete waste and recycling system for an urban region with almost one million inhabitants.


Through a long-term perspective, Sweden has become a world leader in waste management in a sustainable way.

Global Goals

My Favorites