Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.

Sweden has national plans and strategies in place to promote sustainable consumption and production, including the global 10-year framework and the Swedish environmental objectives system. Greenhouse gas emissions within Sweden’s borders decreased by 14 per cent between 2008 and 2014. At the same time, emissions have continued to increase in other countries, among them countries from which Sweden imports goods and services. The greenhouse gas emissions that can be associated with Sweden’s imports from other countries are today higher than its own emissions and are not following the domestic downward trend.

In its 2017 budget bill, the Government presented a strategy for sustainable consumption. It looks at what the State can do as a first step – in collaboration with other actors, such as municipalities, the private sector and civil society organisations – in order to promote greater environmental, social and economic sustainability in consumption. Particular importance needs to be given to the consumption of food, transport and housing, which account for the greatest proportions of private consumption.

Sweden is a party to all the relevant chemicals and waste conventions, such as the Stockholm, Rotterdam, Basel-and Minamata conventions, and participates in the international chemicals strategy. Sweden reports in accordance with the requirements of the conventions. The Government has adopted an action plan for a toxic-free everyday environment. The action plan runs for the period 2011–2020 and entails the use of measures to reduce exposure to hazardous substances in the everyday environment, with a particular focus on children.

In accordance with an EU Directive, new rules for companies’ sustainability reporting were introduced in late 2016. There is now a requirement for all companies of a certain size to submit a sustainability report. The requirement
covers more companies than the EU Directive prescribes, an estimated 1 600 companies. The sustainability report is to describe, inter alia, the company’s policy on sustainability issues and the material risks linked to the company’s operations.

In June 2016, the Government presented a national procurement strategy that includes rules for environmental public procurement and how this is to contribute to social sustainability. The strategy primarily addresses central government authorities, but is also indicative for municipalities and county councils where the majority of public  procurements occur. The strategy also addresses companies with government ownership.

Sweden faces significant challenges linked to the goal of contributing to and achieving sustainable consumption and production environmentally, socially and economically, at home and outside Sweden. Innovations, new partnerships domestically and internationally, and new thinking on matters including the circular economy and the sharing economy will be needed.

Swedish development cooperation contributes to promoting sustainable production and consumption by supporting a series of areas and collaborations with a wide range of actors including the private sector. Development cooperation can, among other things, promote a sustainable business climate and the responsible action of companies according to international norms and guidelines. In connection with this, Sweden also works to increase economic, social and environmental sustainability in public procurements in all areas of development cooperation.

Related Companies

Allbäck Linoljeprodukter

Allbäck Linoljeprodukter manufacture environmentally friendly linseed products of renewable raw materials for the world market.


BIARO is a swedish company that offers smart products to offices and public areas. All their products are made of environmental friendly, recycled cardboard.

Econova AB

Econova recycles and processs waste products to new raw materials for a sustainable society. They are also the Nordic region’s leading company when it comes to soil and gardening products.

Envac Optibag AB

Optibag provides a technology for optical sorting plants for source sorting of household waste in coloured bags.

Related Reference Objects

Biogas Xpose: sustainable biogas production through innovative technologies

BIOGAS XPOSE demonstrates how a region with a high demand for biomethane (BM) can increase the production of BM as a renewable vehicle fuel in an economically and environmentally viable fashion by maximizing regional waste as the resource. The project is reducing the total emissions of carbon dioxide with 334 600 tonnes by sustainable production of BM that replaces fossil fuels in the transportation sector. The project ended in 2018.

Help from the larvae: Turning food waste into animal feed

How can larvae help reduce food waste and at the same time reduce the risks of spreading diseases? In Sweden, researchers and experts in waste management are working together to turn food waste into animal protein feed.

Grönska urban farming: Europe’s largest indoor vertical farm

Urban farming in cities is an alternative, innovative method that can replace conventional agriculture. This project is focusing on the solution that a company called Grönska Stadsodling developed a system for vertical farming in Huddinge, Stockholm. The project is Europe’s largest indoor vertical farm.

Reco lab: Sustainable management of domestic wastewater and food waste

The new residential area Oceanhamnen (The Ocean Harbour) in Helsingborg, is connected to three separate wastewater pipes; one vacuum pipe for toilets, one for food waste and a third pipe for the remaining greywater (showers, dishwashing and sinks). The separation of wastewater at the source enables recovery of resources from wastewater at Sweden’s first recovery plant; Reco lab.

Related Visit Programs

A Biogas hotspot

Göteborg Energi sees biogas as one of the most important renewable fuels of the future and a key to the transition to a fossil-free society.


The forest has always been a major industry in North Sweden and the largest use of forest raw materials today is pulp for manufacturing paper products and sawn timber. By utilizing the industry’s residual process streams, new valuable and fossil free products with great potential can be developed. This is in line with the vision that Sweden should be a bioeconomy by 2050.

Circular economy

Circular economy is all about a framework for an economy that is restorative and regenerative by design. Unlike in todays linear economy, in a circular economy we see everything as a resource for something else – waste doesn’t exist. How do business models need to change to suit a circular economy? What does this new way of thinking mean for the business community? How can profitable business models be combined with social and environmental responsibility? How can we design products right from the beginning, and do things even better, instead of just less bad?

ElectriCity – Cooperation for sustainable public transport

Gothenburg is currently the scene of ElectriCity – an exciting cooperative venture bringing together industry, research and society in the development and testing of solutions for next-generation sustainable public transport.

Global Goals

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